Secondary breakup of aerated liquid jets in subsonic crossflow

B. Miller (Benjamin Miller) , K. A. Sallam, M. Bingabr, K. C. Lin, C. Carter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


An experimental investigation of the secondary breakup of an aerated liquid jet in subsonic crossflow is described. The present test conditions were similar to those encountered in fuel injection in ramjet engines. Previous studies of spray structures of aerated liquid jet in crossflow have been limited to the dilute spray area (downstream distance > 100 jet diameter) using Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA) and along the liquid surface using wet-holographic plates. The objective of the present study was to extend these earlier measurements to investigate the dense spray near-injector region immediately downstream of the injector (0-50 jet diameter) where secondary breakup occurs in order to bridge the gap between drop size distribution along the jet surface and those obtained using PDPA in the far-field of the injector. Three dimensional microscopic digital holography was used to record and measure droplets sizes and locations within the three dimensional volume of the spray. Earlier results of the primary breakup of aerated liquid jets in crossflow show that the gas jet along the axis of the annular flow leaving the injector passage forces the annular liquid sheet into a conical shape that extends from the injector exit. Primary breakup occurs in a similar manner along both the upstream and downstream sides of the liquid jet (relative to the crossflow) which suggests relatively weak aerodynamic effects on the primary breakup. In the present study the aerodynamic effects on the drop sizes in the wake region of the fuel injector were considered. The test conditions include different gas-to-liquid mass flow rate ratios and jet-to-free stream momentum flux ratios. The present measurements of the spray structure of aerated liquid jets in crossflows shows a reduction in drop sizes with downstream distance due to the drop secondary breakup.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)1563478900, 9781563478901
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2007 - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 200711 Jan 2007

Publication series

NameCollection of Technical Papers - 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting


Conference45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2007
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityReno, NV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Secondary breakup of aerated liquid jets in subsonic crossflow'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this