Schwinger-Dyson = Wheeler-DeWitt: Gauge theory observables as bulk operators

Gilad Lifschytz, Vipul Periwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We argue that the second-order gauge-invariant Schwinger-Dyson operator of a gauge theory is the Wheeler-DeWitt operator in the dual string theory. Using this identification, we construct a set of operators in the gauge theory that correspond to excitations of gravity in the bulk. We show that these gauge theory operators have the expected properties for describing the semi-classical local gravity theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)XXXV-16
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • D-branes
  • Models of Quantum Gravity
  • String Duality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Schwinger-Dyson = Wheeler-DeWitt: Gauge theory observables as bulk operators'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this