Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS) reference data for Israeli adolescents

Shira Tibon Czopp, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liat Appel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study presents Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 1974, 2003) data for a sample of 100 Israeli nonpatient adolescents divided into 2 age-based groups: 11-14 (n = 42) and 15-18 (n = 58). The data are compared to those derived from the international project of Meyer, Erdberg, and Shaffer (2007). The results suggest that contemporary Israeli adolescents demonstrate age-appropriate inclination to show excessive self-inspection (FD), to be overly individualistic, perceiving reality in a unique and unconventional manner (elevated Xu%; lowered X+% and P), and to be involved in scientific issues (elevated Sc). The age-based group of 11 to 14, however, also tends to show difficulties in affect modulation (C > 0). Nonetheless, Israeli nonpatient adolescents are quite unlikely and not more than nonpatient adults, to show elevation on the major CS constellations of psychopathological manifestations. Although these observations are mostly in agreement with data collected from their peers around the world, the Israeli youngsters seem to be more similar to adults than to youngsters from other countries as to various CS measures, including those pointing to openness and attentiveness to stimuli (i.e., Lambda, F%). The main conclusion is that with the exception of some age-appropriate deviations, the international reference data for adults can be used for evaluating psychopathology in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-286
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 May 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study is based in part on data collected for the doctoral dissertation of Liat Appel, who gratefully acknowledges the support and encouragement of Miriam Faust and Alan Apter, Bar-Ilan University. We would like to thank Gregory Meyer for his most supportive comments and suggestions as to the analysis and presentation of the data. We are grateful to Donald Viglione for reviewing some of our coding solutions.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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