Robust Majorana magic gates via measurements

Torsten Karzig, Yuval Oreg, Gil Refael, Michael H. Freedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

π/8 phase gates (magic gates or T gates) are crucial to augment topological systems based on Majorana zero modes to full quantum universality. We present a scheme based on a combination of projective measurements and nonadiabatic evolution that effectively cancels smooth control errors when implementing phase gates in Majorana-based systems. Previous schemes based on adiabatic evolution are susceptible to problems arising from small but finite dynamical phases that are generically present in topologically unprotected gates. A measurement-only approach eliminates dynamical phases. For nonprotected gates, however, forced-measurement schemes are no longer effective, which leads to low success probabilities of obtaining the right succession of measurement outcomes in a measurement-only implementation. We show how to obtain a viable measurement-based scheme which dramatically increases the success probabilities by evolving the system nonadiabatically with respect to the degenerate subspace in between measurements. We outline practical applications of our scheme in recently proposed quantum computing designs based on Majorana tetrons and hexons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144521
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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