Risk Factors for Traumatic Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms

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This study explored the role of personality traits in the risk for exposure to a traumatic event and the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). It also measured the contribution of subjective experience of the traumatic event to PTSS. Of 1,360 BA students recruited from a major university in northern Israel, 367 (27%) reported a history of traumatic exposure. The findings indicate that individuals who scored high on neuroticism, while making the effort to avoid traumas, perceived and experienced traumatic exposures as a threat and hence were more susceptible to developing PTSS. In contrast, individuals who scored high on extraversion might be more prone to occurrences with a traumatic potential due to their tendency to undertake challenges, but were less apt to react in a posttraumatic manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-252
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number3
StatePublished - 4 May 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Personality traits
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychiatric Mental Health
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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