The archaeological remains in two Frankish period sites in Western Galilee prove that the 1202 earthquake, which was extensively mentioned in contemporary texts, had significant impact in Galilee. The earthquake was not specifically mentioned as affecting Western Galilee, but the archaeological remains show that it was severe–violent with high intensity, probably VIII+. The damage seems likely to have been great enough to affect the socio-economic situation of the inhabitants, which contributed to the sale of many properties to the Teutonic Order during the 1220s. The shock in Galilee seems likely to have been in a north–south axis.
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Firstly, I would like to thank the current owner of the property, Mr As?ad Qassis, for inviting me to excavate inside his house. He also shared documents regarding the property, the most important being a mandatory cadastrial map dating from 1938 for the building of the shop. I would like to thank Mrs Malaka Qassis-Khamisy, the daughter of Qusta Qassis, for sharing information about her Father?s property in which I excavated. She is 85 years old, was born in 1935 and remembers the story of building the shop from her father. My great thanks are extended to Professor Ayyelet Gilboa and Dr Shay Bar, from the Zinman Institute of Archaeology at the University of Haifa, to Professor Assaf Yasur-Landau, from the Department of Maritime Civilization at the University of Haifa and to Mr Nimrod Getzov, from the Israel Antiquities Authority, for helping in the identification of the pottery. I would like also to thank Dr Dany Syon, from the Israel Antiquities Authority, for providing me with information about the Frankish houses in Acre. Finally, my thanks are extended to Dr Mor Kanari, from the Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Institute, for his great help with the geological background.
© Council for British Research in the Levant 2021.
- 1202 earthquake
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