Reviewing terrorism threat on China after the cold war

Mordechai Chaziza, Shlomo O. Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the past three decades, terrorism has directly threatened China's national security and has played a key role in its foreign policy. The nature of terrorism in China is changing, as is the Chinese government's response to the threat. Despite the issue's importance, there is still little knowledge about the changing face of terrorism in China. Thus, this study fills the gap in the literature on this subject by reviewing the terrorism threat against China after the Cold War from 1989 through 2020, based on the global terrorism database. The study's main findings reveal that China is not a significant target of terrorism when compared to other powers. Terrorism in China is domestic and concentrated in four specific districts, chiefly caused by the Uyghurs Uprising. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the BRI did not cause a dramatic increase in terrorist attacks against Chinese citizens outside China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-254
Number of pages18
JournalAsian Journal of Political Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Belt and Road Initiative
  • China
  • Chinese policy
  • Xinjiang
  • terrorism threats
  • terrorist attacks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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