Resistance of wild emmer wheat to stem rust: Ecological, pathological and allozyme associations

Eviatar Nevo, Zeev Gerechter-Amitai, Avigdor Beiles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Seedling resistance to wheat stem rust was determined in populations of wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, and characterized by means of ecological factors and allozyme genotypes. Reactions to wheat stem rust were studied in 102 single plant accessions of T. dicoccoides from ten populations by inoculation with Puccinia graminis tritici race 14, isolate GSR-739. Six populations displayed different degrees of response polymorphism with reactions ranging from high resistance to complete susceptibility, whereas four populations contained only susceptible plants. In some of the accession, unexplained intrasib variation in resistance and intraplant variation of infection-types were found. Resistance to stem rust was negatively correlated with two ecological factors, altitude and number of 'Sharav' (hot-dry) days which are unfavorable to disease development. Variation in stem rust response was shown to exist in ecogeographic regions where climatic variables enhanced the development of the fungus, conceivably maintained by natural selection. Likewise, allozyme genotypes, single or in multiple loci combinations, appeared to be associated with resistance or susceptibility to rust. Such association need to be verified by genetic studies in order to become established as useful markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1991


  • Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici
  • Triticum dicoccoides
  • allozyme genotypes
  • disease resistance
  • ecology
  • stem rust
  • wild emmer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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