The repetition blindness (RB) effect demonstrates that people often fail to detect the second presentation of an identical object (e. g., Kanwisher, 1987). Grouping of identical items is a well-documented perceptual phenomenon, and this grouping generally facilitates perception. These two effects pose a puzzle: RB impairs perception, while perceptual grouping improves it. Here, we combined these two effects and studied how they interact. In a series of three experiments, we presented repeated items in a simultaneous string, while manipulating the organization of the repeated items in groups within a string. We observed an interaction between RB and grouping that we summarize with a rule that we call "the survival of the grouped": In essence, the ability to group repeated elements protects them from RB. These findings are discussed within the framework of the object file theory.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Psychonomic Bulletin and Review|
|State||Published - Dec 2011|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by fellowships from the Israel Science Foundation (Bikura), the Rothschild Foundation, and the Weizmann Institute of Science–Advancing Women in Science (to L.G.) and by NIH Grants 2RO1MH058383, on visual coding and the deployment of attention, and 1RO1MH062331, on spatial representations and attention (to A.T.).
- Object files
- Repletion blindness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)