Reliability and validity of the Executive Function and Occupational Routines Scale (EFORTS)

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Sustainable daily routines during childhood are important both for children and their parents. Although their affective completion requires well developed executive functions (EF), this issue has not been studied until now. The current study examined the reliability and validity of the Executive Functions and Occupational Routines Scale - EFORTS (developed in Hebrew) which measures children's executive control in their daily routines. Internal consistency and construct and convergent validity were examined by applying the EFORTS and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functions/preschool version (BRIEF/P) to 261 children (129 boys, 132 girls) between the ages 3 and 10 (mean. = 6.1, SD. = 1.43). The findings indicate that the EFORTS is a reliable and valid tool for examining children's executive control in three occupational daily routines, focusing specifically on metacognitive manifestations of EF. These findings suggest that the EFORTS can be a useful tool to assess children with EF deficits, and may serve targeting intervention programs toward the accomplishment of daily occupational goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2148-2157
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Children
  • Daily routines
  • Executive control
  • Executive functions
  • Occupation
  • Parent questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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