Relations Between Anxiety Sensitivity, Distress Tolerance, and Fear Reactivity to Bodily Sensations to Coping and Conformity Marijuana Use Motives Among Young Adult Marijuana Users

Michael J. Zvolensky, Erin C. Marshall, Kirsten Johnson, Julianna Hogan, Amit Bernstein, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present investigation examines anxiety sensitivity, distress tolerance, and fear reactivity to bodily sensations in relation to Coping and Conformity marijuana use motives among a sample of young adult marijuana users (n = 135; 46.7% women; M age = 20.45, SD = 5.0). After controlling for current marijuana use frequency (past 30 days), daily cigarette smoking rate, average volume of alcohol used over the past year, negative affectivity, and other marijuana use motives, anxiety sensitivity was significantly and uniquely associated with Coping and Conformity motives for marijuana use. Distress tolerance evidenced significant and unique incremental relations to Coping motives, whereas fear reactivity to bodily sensations was unrelated to any marijuana use motive. These results provide novel information related to the role of emotional sensitivity and tolerance factors as they pertain to specific types of motives for marijuana use among young adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • anxiety sensitivity
  • distress tolerance
  • marijuana
  • motives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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