Regional mineralogical and technological characterization of Cypriot Iron Age pottery: a view from Tel Dor

Paula Waiman-Barak, Anna Georgiadou, Ayelet Gilboa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Excavations at Tel Dor, a Phoenician site on the northern coast of Israel, produced one of the most varied and best-stratified assemblages of Cypriot Iron Age ceramics ever found outside Cyprus. A long-term investigation of the nature of socio-economic liaisons between Dor and Cyprus, inter alia, by identifying through ceramic typology and petrography the specific Cypriot production centres that sent their products to Dor is currently in progress. This paper focuses on the analytical identification of production centres first suggested by macroscopic observations; temporal trajectories and cultural implications are addressed only preliminarily. The results indicate that the Cypriot vessels that reached Dor were only produced at Salamis, Kition, Amathus and Paphos, and that the vista of imports at Dor keeps changing throughout the period under consideration. This is the most comprehensive analytical study of Cypriot Iron Age ceramic fabrics to date. It has the potential to build a foundation for provenance studies of Cypriot Iron Age ceramic fabrics and the interconnections they embody. It is constrained, however, by the fact it was mainly production centres represented at Dor that were studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-261
JournalLevant
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support for this study was partly provided by the Israel Science Foundation (grant 209/14, awarded to Gilboa and to Shlomo Shoval, whom we thank for his collaboration in the initial steps of this research; and by the Research Authority of the University of Haifa. Georgiadou’s and Waiman-Barak’s work was enabled by Post-Doctoral Fellowships from the Research Authority of the University of Haifa and the Tel Dor Expedition (respectively during 2014 and 2017–2019). This research was made possible by permissions of the Israel Antiquities Authority; by Ilan Sharon (Hebrew University, Jerusalem) and S. Rebecca Martin (Boston University) co-directors of the Tel Dor project; and of several institutions and individuals in Cyprus: the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus and its former directors: Marina Solomidou-Ieronymidou and Despina Pilides; Vassos Karageorghis and Anna Satraki, archaeological officers at the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, who allowed us to examine material from their excavations at Palaepaphos, and Kition and Idalion respectively. Sampling sediments in Cyprus was conducted by permission of the Cyprus Geological Survey Department and its present and former directors, Costantinos Costantinou and Eleni G. Morisseau, consolidated by a memorandum of understanding signed between the GCD and the University of Haifa. We also extend our gratitude to Vasiliki Kassianidou and Maria Dikomitou-Eliadou of the Archaeological Research Unit at the University of Cyprus, and to Zomenia Zomeni of the GCD for their help in realizing this project. Analytical work was conducted at the Laboratory for Materials in Archaeology, directed by Sariel Shalev, and the Laboratory for Sedimentary Archaeology, directed by Ruth Shahack-Gross, both of the Department of Maritime Civilizations and the Leon H. Charney School of Marine Sciences, University of Haifa. Shahack-Gross also supported the analyses of sediments. Technical assistance was provided by Jonathan J. Gottlieb, Golan Shalvi, Tanya Sokolsky, Michelle Creisher, and Nicole Constantine, all of the University of Haifa. The illustrations were compiled by PWB and by Sveta Matskevitch of Hebrew University. Lastly, we acknowledge the professional and conscientious comments of our editor, Zach Dunseth, who improved the paper considerably, and the critical reading of Maria Iacovou, the anonymous reviewers and the editors.

Publisher Copyright:
© Council for British Research in the Levant 2021.

Keywords

  • Cyprus
  • Iron Age
  • Phoenicia
  • Tel Dor
  • ceramic petrography
  • connectivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology

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