Reducing fracture incidence in children with osteogenesis imperfecta: contribution of orthotics to bisphosphonates treatment

S. Eylon, E. Kornitzer, C. Wever, A. Rigbi, P. L. Weiss, S. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether there was a reduction in fracture incidence amongst children with OI who were treated with both bisphosphonates and orthoses. Objective: Was there an additional reduction in fracture incidence amongst children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) treated with both bisphosphonates and Hip-Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis (HKAFO)? Materials and methods: Of the 129 OI patients treated from 1990 to 2017, retrospective data from 48 patients who participated in the bisphosphonates-orthosis regime were analyzed including the incidence of fractures and modalities of fracture treatment. Results: Bisphosphonates usage was more frequent than bracing and there were more positive changes (smaller or equal number of fractures each year) than negative changes (more fractures each year); negative changes were scarce, explained by non-compliance with the use of bracing. Poisson regression models were significant for positive changes, whereas the interaction between them was borderline significant. The main finding is that the association between bisphosphonates usage and the number of positive changes was stronger among the patients who used braces more frequently and weaker among patients who used bracing less frequently. Conclusions: Bracing of OI patients has an additive effect on bisphosphonate treatment in fracture prevention which should lead to the reconsideration of a hybrid approach to OI management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1416-1421
Number of pages6
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume46
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • bisphosphonates
  • Fracture
  • orthosis
  • osteogenesis imperfecta
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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