## Abstract

A graph G = (V, E) is a chordal probe graph if its vertices can be partitioned into two sets, P (probes) and N (non-probes), where N is a stable set and such that G can be extended to a chordal graph by adding edges between non-probes. We give several characterizations of chordal probe graphs, first, in the case of a fixed given partition of the vertices into probes and non-probes, and second, in the more general case where no partition is given. In both of these cases, our results are obtained by introducing new classes, namely, N-triangulatable graphs and cycle-bicolorable graphs. We give polynomial time recognition algorithms for each class. N-triangulatable graphs have properties similar to chordal graphs, and we characterize them using graph separators and using a vertex elimination ordering. For cycle-bicolorable graphs, which are shown to be perfect, we prove that any cycle-bicoloring of a graph renders it N-triangulatable. The corresponding recognition complexity for chordal probe graphs, given a partition of the vertices into probes and non-probes, is O(|P||E|), thus also providing an interesting tractable subcase of the chordal graph sandwich problem. If no partition is given in advance, the complexity of our recognition algorithm is O(|E|^{2}).

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 573-591 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 21 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2007 |

## Keywords

- Bicoloring
- Chordal graph
- Elimination scheme
- Perfect graph
- Probe graph
- Triangulation

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics (all)