Ramparts and walls: Building techniques of kites in the Negev Highland

Dani Nadel, Guy Bar-Oz, Uzi Avner, Dan Malkinson, Elisabetta Boaretto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Remarkably, the largest archaeological game traps ever recorded in the Near East are found in arid landscapes, both on plains and in hilly terrains. This paper describes the construction methods used on steep slopes in the Negev Highland. Apparently, in some cases a massive rampart (rather than a free-standing wall) was built around the trap's head. The details reflect careful planning and heavy-duty work, including leveling and then using more than 100 t of stone for the rampart construction. New 14C data date the Sayarim site to the Early Bronze Age (minimum age), and the Pitam site to pre-Late Bronze Age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalQuaternary International
StatePublished - 29 May 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Excavations were carried out on behalf of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa (license no. S-5/2008, Israel Antiquities Authority, and a permit of the Israel Nature and Parks Authority). The project was generously supported by the National Geographic Society (grant No. 8325-07 ). Our thanks are also due to Tamar Orr-Gat, Reuven Yeshurun, Kyryll Kezwik, Anna Avshalomov, Amnon Nachmias, David Hadash and other students for their assistance in fieldwork. Anat Regev-Gisis prepared the digital figures.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes


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