Quantitative developmental transcriptomes of the Mediterranean sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus

Tsvia Gildor, Assaf Malik, Noa Sher, Linor Avraham, Smadar Ben-Tabou de-Leon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Embryonic development progresses through the timely activation of thousands of differentially activated genes. Quantitative developmental transcriptomes provide the means to relate global patterns of differentially expressed genes to the emerging body plans they generate. The sea urchin is one of the classic model systems for embryogenesis and the models of its developmental gene regulatory networks are of the most comprehensive of their kind. Thus, the sea urchin embryo is an excellent system for studies of its global developmental transcriptional profiles. Here we produced quantitative developmental transcriptomes of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (P. lividus) at seven developmental stages from the fertilized egg to prism stage. We generated de-novo reference transcriptome and identified 29,817 genes that are expressed at this time period. We annotated and quantified gene expression at the different developmental stages and confirmed the reliability of the expression profiles by QPCR measurement of a subset of genes. The progression of embryo development is reflected in the observed global expression patterns and in our principle component analysis. Our study illuminates the rich patterns of gene expression that participate in sea urchin embryogenesis and provide an essential resource for further studies of the dynamic expression of P. lividus genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-94
Number of pages6
JournalMarine Genomics
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.


  • Echinoderms
  • Embryogenesis
  • Quantitative developmental transcriptomes
  • Sea urchin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Aquatic Science


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