An attempt was made in the present study to identify mothers' and caregivers' teaching (mediation) behaviour in relation to toddlers' social behaviour. Participants were 103 toddlers, two- to four-year olds, their mothers, and 28 caregivers at 16 public daycare centres in Israel. Two observations were carried out, one in toddlers' homes and the other in the daycare centres. Research findings indicate that mothers' and caregivers' social mediation behaviour 'encouraging' and 'regulating behaviour' were related to more prosocial behaviour and to less aggressive behaviour of toddlers. Especially, interesting findings were noted regarding effects of incompatible mediation on children's social behaviour. It was found that when mothers or caregivers exhibited more mediation that was unmatched or unsynchronised with their child's behaviour (i.e. 'unspecified encouragement'), their children exhibited more aggressive and less prosocial behaviour.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Pnina S. Klein, Prof (Emeritus), was a recipient of ‘THE ISRAEL PRIZE’ for research in education, 2011. director of The Baker Center for Research and Treatment of Children with Special Needs, and head of the Harris Program for Infants, Toddlers and their families in Israel, at Bar-Ilan University. She is a member of the The National Council of Higher Education and has served as head of the Committee for Research on Early Childhood Education and Development, Israeli National Academy of Sciences. Her work has been supported by WHO, UNICEF, Save the Children, NORAD, NIMH, in Africa, Asia the Far East and the USA.
Einat Shuper Engelhard, PhD, is lecturing in Kibuzzim College of Education, Israel. She received a fellowship from the School of Education in Bar Ilan University, Israel. Her research focuses on social behaviour in early childhood.
- early childhood
- quality of care
- social behaviour
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology