Pulmonary oedema induced by strenuous swimming: A field study

A. Shupak, D. Weiler-Ravell, Y. Adir, Y. I. Daskalovic, Y. Ramon, D. Kerem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the study was to document the incidence and recurrence rate of pulmonary oedema induced by strenuous swimming (SIPO), and to study the changes in relevant physiological parameters. Thirty-five young men were repeatedly examined over a 2-month period after a swimming time trial in the open sea. A tentative diagnosis of SIPO was made when the swimmer reported shortness of breath accompanied by cough. Twenty-nine events of SIPO were diagnosed in 21 individuals (60% incidence). Oxygen saturation was significantly reduced in SIPO. Mean forced vital capacity (FVC) and FEV1 were significantly lower in the severe SIPO group. Also, mean FVC and mid- expiratory flows (FEF(25-75%)) obtained 12 months earlier during screening for the programme were lower in individuals who later had SIPO. The ratios of post-swim FVC and FEV1 values to the corresponding selection examination values were lower in the severe SIPO group. Thus volumes decreased in the SIPO group, besides being lower at the start. Shortness of breath and coughing following strenuous swimming were related to hypoxaemia and reduction in lung volumes, suggesting pulmonary oedema. SIPO was a common and often recurrent phenomenon. Lower initial lung volumes and flows might predict future susceptibility to SIPO. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-31
Number of pages7
JournalRespiration Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Disease, pulmonary oedema, exercise
  • Exercise, strenuous swimming
  • Function test, lung, strenuous exercise
  • Mammals, humans
  • Mechanics of breathing, swimming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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