Pulmonary Edema Following Closed-Circuit Oxygen Diving and Strenuous Swimming

Avi Shupak, Ludmila Guralnik, Yoav Keynan, Yoav Yanir, Yochai Adir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Acute pulmonary edema may be induced by diving and strenuous swimming. We report the case of a diver using closed-circuit, scuba equipment who developed acute dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxemia following a dive in 18°C (64.4°F) water and physical exertion during the swim back to shore. With the growing popularity of recreational scuba diving, emergency physicians are liable to be faced with increasing numbers of diving-related medical problems. Diving-induced pulmonary edema should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute hypoxemia, sometimes accompanied by acid-base abnormalities, when this is seen in a diver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1201-1204
Number of pages4
JournalAviation Space and Environmental Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Accidents
  • Exercise
  • Immersion
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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