Public Diplomacy in Grand Strategy.

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Despite the growing importance of public diplomacy in current international politics, its practice—and particularly its relationship with hard power—remains largely unexplored by diplomatic or strategic theory. This paper applies a grand-strategic perspective to analyze the challenges of “winning hearts and minds” in the new communications and normative environments. Israel's experience in the second Intifada serves to draw empirically based lessons on the grand-strategic relationship between propaganda and counterterrorist operations. This relationship, the case study shows, is shaped by the close proximity of tactical-level events to the “surface” of grand strategy, to which their effects tend quickly to rise in the new communications environment. In this context, the proactive role of public diplomacy becomes a key to grand-strategic success.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-176
Number of pages20
JournalForeign Policy Analysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2006


  • INTERNATIONAL relations
  • INTIFADA, 1987-1993
  • ARAB-Israeli conflict, 1973-1993


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