The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of participation in different sport modalities on quality of life (QOL) and perceived social competence (PSC) in young people with physical disability. Ninety participants (33 females and 57 males) were monitored across four conditions: competitive separate physical activity (COSPA), recreational separate physical activity (RESPA), reverse-integrated basketball activity (RIBA), and no physical activity (NOPA). QOL and PSC questionnaires were administered at the beginning and the end of the study's duration of six months. ANCOVA corrected for functional independence and gender revealed significant group effects for pre to post change values of QOL and PSC, with greater positive change in the RIBA compared to all other groups. In addition, one-way ANOVA on pre to post change values with LSD post hoc revealed significant differences. RIBA change values for QOL with 8.77%, and for PSC with 9.98% change were significantly higher (p< .001) than in all other groups (ranges -0.18 through 1.36% for QOL, and -2.31 through 2.34% for PSC). These outcomes demonstrate a favorable outcome of the RIBA on participants. Low functional ability did not constrain the effects of sport participation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Reverse Integrated Basketball Activity program was assisted by a grant of the Fund for Demonstration Projects , which was established with the aim of encouraging organizations to develop new initiatives in the area of community social services within the Division for Service Development of the Israel National Insurance Institute.
- Functional limitations
- Physical disability
- Wheelchair sport
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology