Psychological barriers to a peaceful resolution: Longitudinal evidence from the middle east and Northern Ireland

Daphna Canetti, Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler, Carmit Rapaport, Robert D. Lowe, Orla T. Muldoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Does individual-level exposure to political violence prompt conciliatory attitudes? Does the answer vary by phase of conflict? The study uses longitudinal primary datasets to test the hypothesis that conflict related experiences impact conciliation. Data were collected from Israeli Jews, Palestinians, and Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland. Across both contexts, and among both parties to each conflict, psychological distress and threat perceptions had a polarizing effect on conciliatory preferences. The study highlights that experiences of political violence are potentially a crucial source of psychological distress, and consequently, a continuing barrier to peace. This has implications in peacemaking, implying that alongside removing the real threat of violence, peacemakers must also work toward the social and political inclusion of those most affected by previous violence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-676
Number of pages17
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was made possible, in part, by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH073687), the Israel Science Foundation (487/08) and the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation (2009460). Data collection in Northern Ireland was funded by a grant from the EU Special Support Programme for Peace and Reconciliation.

Funding Information:
This research was made possible, in part, by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH073687), the Israel Science Foundation (487/08) and the BSFUS-Israel Binational Science Foundation (2009460).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Safety Research
  • Political Science and International Relations

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