The proton transfer is considered in hydrogenbonded chains with asymmetric double-minimum potentials for proteons. The transport is described by the kinksoliton propagation in an energetically asymmetric double-well potential for a proton. The asymmetry can be caused by the spontaneous polarization in hydrogenbonded ferroelectrics, medium polarization in nonferroelectric hydrogen-bonded solids, crystallographic structure, geometry of the proton neighbourhood and internal electric field in biological macromolecules. The soliton dynamics of the system is analytically studied including the influence of a constant external electric field and damping mechanism. The velocity, energy, momentum and mobility of kinks are calculated.
|Number of pages
|Zeitschrift für Physik B Condensed Matter and Quanta
|Published - Dec 1995
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics