Proto-Historic Ein Zippori: The 2007 Excavation Season

Omry Barzilai, Nimrod Getzov, Natalia Gubenko, Nimrod Marom, Ianir Milevski, Ariel Vered, Junfu Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent excavations at Ein Zippori in the Lower Galilee revealed a complex proto-historic site dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, Early Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. While the nature of the Neolithic occupation is not clear and consists of few lithic artifacts, the density of the architectural remains and rich archaeological assemblages indicate well established Early Chalcolithic and Early Bronze IB settlements. The recent excavations at Ein Zippori, together with other investigations carried out at Yiftahel and Tell Mitzpe Zevulun North (Nahal Zippori 3) add insights into the proto-historic settlement pattern within the Nahal Zippori basin. The early farming communities around Nahal Zippori founded their villages within the alluvial lands along the stream. It is only with the rise of fortified towns during the Early Bronze II that these settlements relocated from the fertile lands to the hilltops overlooking the Nahal Zippori Valley.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-73
Number of pages52
JournalJournal of the Israel Prehistoric Society
StatePublished - Jan 2013


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