Prosocial Behavior and Aggression in the Daily School Lives of Early Adolescents

Reout Arbel, Dominique F. Maciejewski, Mor Ben-Yehuda, Sandra Shnaider, Bar Benari, Moti Benita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Research has not adequately addressed a possible mutual co-regulatory influence of prosocial and aggressive behaviors in adolescents’ daily lives. This study explored bidirectional within-person associations between prosocial and aggressive behaviors in the daily school lives of early adolescents. The sample included 242 sixth-graders [Mage = 11.96 (SD = 0.18), 50% girls] and their teachers. Adolescents reported on daily prosocial behavior and reactive and proactive aggression for ten consecutive days. Teachers and adolescents reported on adolescents’ overall prosocial behaviors. Across-day prosocial behaviors increased after days when adolescents exhibited more reactive aggression but not among self-reported low-prosocial adolescents. Increased prosocial behaviors did not mitigate aggression the next day. The findings suggest prosocial behaviors are a plausible compensatory strategy after daily aggressive reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1636-1652
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Adolescence
  • Daily diary data
  • Peer aggression
  • Prosocial behaviors
  • Social development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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