Profiles of Sexual Disorders and Eating Disorder Symptoms: Associations With Body Image

Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Zohar Spivak-Lavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although the empirical evidence supporting the co-occurrence of sexual disorders and eating disorders is growing, it is not yet known how often these 2 conditions co-occur, and whether the comorbidities of sexual disorders and eating disorders differ in any specific ways. Aim: To examine the co-occurrence of sexual disorders and eating disorders. Methods: In the current study, we used latent profile analysis to identify distinct profiles of sexual disorders and eating disorder symptoms among a large non-clinical sample of women (n = 985). We also examined how these profiles differed in terms of body image self-consciousness. The study was conducted as an online survey among a convenience sample of Israeli women. Main Outcome Measures: For sexual disorders we used the Arizona Sexual Experience Scale, and for eating disorders we used the Eating Disorders Inventory 2. Results: Latent profile analysis revealed 4 profiles: no disorder (low levels of sexual disorders and eating disorder symptoms), eating disorder symptoms (low levels of sexual disorders and high levels of eating disorder symptoms), sexual disorders (high levels of sexual disorders and low levels of eating disorder symptoms), and comorbidity (high levels of both sexual disorders and eating disorder symptoms). Women in the comorbidity group had significantly more body image self-consciousness during sexual activity than did women in the other groups. Conclusion: The 4 profiles identified in the study support the co-occurrence of sexual disorders and eating disorder symptoms, yet also raise many clinical considerations. Limitations of the study, directions for future research, and clinical implications are discussed. Gewirtz-Meydan A, Spivak-Lavi Z. Profiles of Sexual Disorders and Eating Disorder Symptoms: Associations With Body Image. J Sex Med 2021;18:1364–1373.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1364-1373
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This project was supported by the Max Stern Yezreel Valley College at Emek Yezreel. The authors have no financial relationships relevant to this article to disclose.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 International Society for Sexual Medicine

Keywords

  • Body Image
  • Eating Disorders
  • Latent Profile Analysis
  • Sexual Disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Urology

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