PROFILES OF EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING FOLLOWING TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND STROKE USING THE ASSESSMENT OF PARTICIPATION AND EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS: COMBINED CROSS-SECTIONAL AND LONGITUDINAL DESIGNS

Rotem Eliav, Sivan Hasson, Rachel Kizony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The Assessment of Participation and Executive Functions (A-PEX) evaluates executive functioning through daily participation in complex daily activities. This study examines its ability to discriminate between executive functioning profiles post-traumatic brain injury and post-stroke and its sensitivity to changes. Design: Cross-sectional with a longitudinal component. Patients: Adults with post-traumatic brain injury (n = 28) and post-stroke (n = 26) in a rehabilitation facility. Methods: Patients were administered the A-PEX, Multiple Errands Test-Hospital version and Color Trail Test at 2 time-points 1 month apart. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment was administered at the first time-point, and Executive Functions Performance Test’s Internet-based Bill Payment subtest at the second. The analysis used Mann–Whitney and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Results: The stroke group’s A-PEX scores were higher than the traumatic brain injury group’s at the first time-point (p < 0.05). No differences were found in the other assessments. Within-group differences in both groups were significant in the A-PEX (–3.7 < r < – 2.3, p < 0.05) and Multiple Errands Test-Hospital version (–3.4 < r < –3.3, p < 0.01). Conclusion: The A-PEX may provide valuable information about the uniqueness of executive functioning profiles and patients’ progress.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjrm12427
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, Medical Journals Sweden AB. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • executive function
  • inpatient
  • rehabilitation
  • stroke
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'PROFILES OF EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING FOLLOWING TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND STROKE USING THE ASSESSMENT OF PARTICIPATION AND EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS: COMBINED CROSS-SECTIONAL AND LONGITUDINAL DESIGNS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this