Privatization, demographic growth, and perceived sustainability: Lessons from the Israeli renewing kibbutzim

Ayelet Reitan, Ofir D. Rubin, Aviad Rubin, Ayal Kimhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In 2005, the State of Israel established a new classification—renewing kibbutzim. This study examines the relationship between the extent of privatization and the various forms of demographic growth that were permissible under the new classification and their impact on the perceived sustainability of the kibbutz in these communal communities. We collected data at the kibbutz level via interviews with community managers and at the individual level through questionnaires among community members in 19 kibbutzim. We employed the “nearest neighbor” methodology to create pairs who were demographically eligible for a before and after comparison. Although our results about perceived sustainability suggest that kibbutzim across the board have overcome the struggle to survive and have been able to recover, unlike commonly assumed, changes they adopted in the direction of more privatization and diversified statuses are clearly correlated with smaller increases in levels of perceived sustainability. Our findings may offer lessons for wider sociological questions concerning processes of privatization and stratification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1084
Number of pages9
JournalSustainable Development
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment


  • communal community
  • kibbutz
  • nearest neighbor
  • privatization
  • stratification
  • sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Development


Dive into the research topics of 'Privatization, demographic growth, and perceived sustainability: Lessons from the Israeli renewing kibbutzim'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this