Background: The cancer burden in Israel is substantial. Recently calculated population attributable fractions (PAFs) for modifiable cancer risk factors in the US and the UK have indicated much room for prevention. Our aim was to estimate PAFs for selected modifiable cancer risk factors in Israel. Methods: Exposure data on selected modifiable risk factors were based on national health surveys conducted in 2013-2015. Data on invasive cancer incidence in 2015 were retrieved from the Israel National Cancer Registry (INCR). Relative risks (RRs) for specific cancer sites were retrieved from the scientific literature. PAFs were calculated for selected modifiable risk factors using an approximate formula. Results: In 2015, 21% of all invasive cancer cases in Israel were attributed to smoking, 9% to excess body weight, and 1.5% to alcohol intake. Moreover, 32% of all invasive cancer cases were attributed to all modifiable risk factors (combined) included in our study. Conclusions: Quantifying the contribution of modifiable risk factors to the incidence of certain cancer types in Israel offers an opportunity for primary prevention and enables informed decision-making with respect to the prioritization of interventions.
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|State||Published - 24 Aug 2022|
- modifiable risk factors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis