Prevalence and incidence of osteoarthritis: A population‐based retrospective cohort study

Rola Hamood, Matanya Tirosh, Noga Fallach, Gabriel Chodick, Elon Eisenberg, Omri Lubovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


While trends data of osteoarthritis (OA) are accumulating, primarily from Western Europe and the US, a gap persists in the knowledge of OA epidemiology in Middle Eastern populations. This study aimed to explore the prevalence, incidence, correlations, and temporal trends of OA in Israel during 2013–2018, using a nationally representative primary care database. On 31 December 2018, a total of 180,126 OA patients were identified, representing a point prevalence of 115.3 per 1000 persons (95% CI, 114.8–115.8 per 1000 persons). Geographically, OA prevalence was not uniformly distributed, with the Southern and Northern peripheral districts having a higher prevalence than the rest of the Israeli regions. OA incidence increased over time from 7.36 per 1000 persons (95% CI 6.21–7.50 per 1000 persons) in 2013 to 8.23 per 1000 persons (95% CI 8.09–8.38 per 1000 persons) in 2017 (p‐value for trend = 0.02). The incidence was lowest in patients under 60 years (in both sexes) and peaked at 60–70 years. In older ages, the incidence leveled off in men and declined in women. The growing risk of OA warrants a greater attention to timely preventive and therapeutic interventions. Further population‐based studies in the Middle East are needed to identify modifiable risk factors for timely preventive and therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4282
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number18
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (


  • Incidence
  • Middle east
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Prevalence
  • Trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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