Prenatal diagnosis of gall bladder anomalies—report of 17 cases

M. Bronshtein, Z. Weiner, H. Abramovici, S. Filmar, Y. Erlik, Z. Blumenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We describe here 17 cases of fetal gall bladder anomalies, detected as early as the 14th week of gestation, out of 10 016 fetal systemic examinations performed by us in the last 6 years (015 per cent). In seven cases, agenesis of the fetal gall bladder was detected. The diagnosis was confirmed by post‐abortal examination in five cases and in two post‐partum. In six other cases, a left‐sided gall bladder and in one case, a ‘floating’ gall bladder were detected at 15 weeks' gestation. In two cases, a septated or bilobed gall bladder was visualized. None of these 15 cases was dyskaryotic, but in five cases, two with agenesis and three left‐sided gall bladders were associated with other fetal malformations. In two other cases, the gall bladder appeared dysmorphic on sonographic examination and in both of them intrauterine growth retardation and other anomalies were detected. Trisomy 18 was diagnosed by amniocentesis in one of them. According to our experience, failure to visualize the fetal gall bladder by the 15th gestational week is diagnostic of its absence and should raise the differential diagnosis between gall bladder atresia, which has a good prognosis, and external biliary atresia, which has a poor prognosis. Further experience is needed to characterize the various gall bladder malformations and their prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-861
Number of pages11
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Fetal anomalies
  • Fetal ultrasonography
  • Gall bladder malformations
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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