Preliminary validation of a new measure of negative response bias: The temporal memory sequence test

Omer Hegedish, Naama Kivilis, Dan Hoofien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Temporal Memory Sequence Test (TMST) is a new measure of negative response bias (NRB) that was developed to enrich the forced-choice paradigm. The TMST does not resemble the common structure of forced-choice tests and is presented as a temporal recall memory test. The validation sample consisted of 81 participants: 21 healthy control participants, 20 coached simulators, and 40 patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). The TMST had high reliability and significantly high positive correlations with the Test of Memory Malingering and Word Memory Test effort scales. Moreover, the TMST effort scales exhibited high negative correlations with the Glasgow Coma Scale, thus validating the previously reported association between probable malingering and mild traumatic brain injury. A suggested cutoff score yielded acceptable classification rates in the ABI group as well as in the simulator and control groups. The TMST appears to be a promising measure of NRB detection, with respectable rates of reliability and construct and criterion validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-354
Number of pages7
JournalApplied neuropsychology. Adult
Issue number5
StatePublished - 3 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • cognitive/learning
  • diagnosis < neuropsychology
  • forced choice
  • memory
  • test construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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