Predictors of the new criteria for probable PTSD among older adults

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The definition of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) changed in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and it is yet unclear how these changes affect the diagnosis of PTSD among older adults. The present study examined the contribution of demographic characteristics, functioning status, health related factors, as well as exposure to rocket attacks to prediction of probable PTSD in older adults. Three-hundred and thirty-nine community-dwelling adults (age range 50-90; M=65.44, SD=9.77) were sampled through random dialing to Jewish residents in the south of Israel. Participants completed a phone-questionnaire that collected background information and reports of relevant symptoms. Analyses showed that self-rated health, incidence of depression episodes, and exposure to rocket attacks predicted the DSM-5 definition of PTSD as well as the subscale of negative alternations in cognition and mood. The current study delineates the unique set of predictors of probable PTSD in older adults, with an emphasis on negative alternations in cognition and mood. Greater attention to unique predictors of PTSD in the second half of life is called for.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)777-782
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Center for Research and Study of Aging at the University of Haifa and by a research seed grant from the Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


  • DSM-5
  • Negative alternations in cognition and mood
  • Older adults
  • PTSD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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