Predicting Suicidal Ideation among Psychiatric Patients: The Tridimensional Personality Theory Perspective

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The main objective of the present study was to enrich our understanding
regarding the role of personality traits in the explanation of suicidal ideation
among psychiatric patients. It employed Cloniger’s Tridimensional Personality Theory in order to draw a personality profile that predicts suicidal
ideation among this population. A total of 172 psychiatric outpatients participated in the study. Subjects were randomly selected from a psychiatric
clinic in northern Israel. All subjects were evaluated individually with three
measures: the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (Cloninger, 1987;
TPQ); the Beck Suicide Inventory (Beck, Steer, Handerson, & Skeie, 1991;
BSI); and the Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I DSM-IV Disorders
(SCID; First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 1994). Data analysis was conducted using the Linear Structural Relations (LISREL VI) program. The
findings of the present study indicate that among psychiatric patients, suicidal
ideation can be explained by the combination of five personality traits:
impulsiveness, stoic rigidity, confidence, disorderliness, and, indirectly,
pessimism through confidence and rigidi
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-224
Number of pages10
JournalOMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


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