Posttraumatic stress symptoms and smoking to reduce negative affect: An investigation of trauma-exposed daily smokers

Matthew T. Feldner, Kimberly A. Babson, Michael J. Zvolensky, Anka A. Vujanovic, Sarah F. Lewis, Laura E. Gibson, Candice M. Monson, Amit Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present investigation examined the relations among posttraumatic stress symptoms and smoking motives. Participants included 100 daily smokers recruited from the community and university settings who reported exposure to at least one traumatic event that met criterion A for posttraumatic stress disorder. Consistent with prediction, higher levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with smoking to reduce negative affect; this relation was observed after controlling for variance accounted for by number of cigarettes smoked per day and gender. Results are discussed in terms of the implications of smoking to regulate affect among daily smokers who have been exposed to traumatic events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-227
Number of pages14
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affect regulation
  • Comorbidity
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Smoking
  • Smoking motives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology

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