Policy re-design from the street level

Tanja Klenk, Nissim Cohen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Is it possible for street-level bureaucrats to use entrepreneurial strategies not only to improve the implementation of existing policy but also to directly influence the design of public policy? And if so, what does this mean for street-level bureaucracy research? These questions are at the heart of this chapter. In order to reveal if and how street-level bureaucrats use strategies to influence the design of the policy, the authors utilize scholarly insights about policy entrepreneurship. Policy entrepreneurs try to influence a given policy as stated in an official document by using innovative ideas and strategies. Existing studies indeed have demonstrated that street-level bureaucrats can become policy entrepreneurs. It has generally been assumed that street-level bureaucrats are using entrepreneurial actions in their implementation of policy while thereby affecting its outcomes, but that others have shaped the policy. In this chapter, however, the authors demonstrate how street-level bureaucrats use entrepreneurial strategies to influence the design of the policy as well. They discuss the implications of this involvement of street-level bureaucrats for the study of what they do.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Handbook on Street-Level Bureaucracy
Subtitle of host publicationThe Ground Floor of Government in Context
EditorsPeter Hupe
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781786437631
ISBN (Print)9781786437624
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameHandbooks of Research on Public Policy series

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Peter Hupe 2019.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (all)


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