Policy entrepreneurship on the street-level: A systematic literature review

Ofek Edri-Peer, Mariana Costa Silveira, Maayan Davidovitz, Neomi Frisch-Aviram, Jamal Shehade, Hadeel Diab, Niva Golan-Nadir, Nissim Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


What are the differences between policy entrepreneurship and street-level policy entrepreneurship? The research on street-level policy entrepreneurship is still in its infancy, yet in the past few years, it has received greater research attention. This article systematically reviews the current research published on this topic and compares it to previous findings on policy entrepreneurs. Our findings provide an analysis of street-level policy entrepreneurs' characteristics, motivations, traits, and strategies, differentiating types of street-level bureaucrats (SLBs). We also find three new strategies unique to SLBs: consistency over time, learning from others, and seeking legitimacy. We conclude by identifying the main differences between traditional entrepreneurs and street-level entrepreneurs and providing suggestions for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-378
Number of pages23
JournalEuropean Policy Analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. European Policy Analysis published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Policy Studies Organization.


  • policy entrepreneurship
  • street-level bureaucracy
  • street-level policy entrepreneurship
  • systematic literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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