Perspectives on numeracy: reflections from international assessments

Dave Tout, Iddo Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines perspectives regarding the mathematical skills expected of adults and school graduates, comparing ideas developed as part of two major multinational comparative assessments of skills: the Programme for International Student Assessment and the Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (also known as the OECD Survey of Adult Skills). The paper reflects on the conceptual and assessment frameworks developed for these two programmes, aiming to shed light on the commonalities and differences between the constructs of numeracy and mathematical literacy and to inform current debate about directions for developing mathematical skills in the 21st Century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-706
Number of pages16
JournalZDM - International Journal on Mathematics Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, FIZ Karlsruhe.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Mathematics


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