Background Engagement in behaviors aimed at reducing the risk of developing dementia is a leading recommendation in most National Dementia Strategy programs. Objective: In an effort to advance knowledge regarding the implementation of this recommendation, the current study examined the perceptions and engagement of the adult population in Israel regarding behaviors aimed at reducing the risk of developing dementia, and its correlates. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 502 Israeli adults aged 40 and over. Approximately half of the participants (51.2%) were female, and the majority (80.1%) were Jewish. Results: Overall, while the percentage of participants reporting that the examined activities were important for brain health was moderate, percentages reporting engaging in these behaviors were low. The most important correlate of engagement in health behaviors was participants' perceptions about the importance of these behaviors for their brain health. Increased age, being Jewish, and enhanced perceived susceptibility to develop dementia were also significantly associated with increased engagement in behaviors to reduce the risk of dementia. Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize the need to develop intervention programs aimed at promoting engagement in behaviors to reduce the risk of dementia development. These programs will benefit from assessing participants' perceived importance of these behaviors, and from identifying the needs of unique groups, such as older persons and those pertaining to ethno-cultural groups.
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- brain health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (all)
- Clinical Psychology
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Psychiatry and Mental health