Perceiving the other: Hostile and danger attributions among Jewish and Arab social work students in Israel

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The aim of the present paper is to examine the possible relations of hostile and danger attributions and cultural competence socialization. We conducted an empirical study based on a factorial survey, focusing on the significance of formal cultural competence classes and the ongoing interpersonal contact among members of majority and minority groups: Jewish and Arab social work students in an Israeli University. The experimental design manipulated variables of ethnicity, potential dangerousness, and potential intended harm, using vignettes. The results indicated that Arab students attribute more hostility to both Hebrew- and Arabic-speaking figures than their Jewish counterparts. Jews attributed more danger to Arabs, and Arabs attributed more dangerousness to Jews. The most striking finding is the significant and positive association between multicultural competence socialization and attribution of danger and hostility. The findings are discussed within the framework of ethnic and political conflicts in turbulent areas, anti-oppressive social work, and their implications to social work education.

Translated title of the contributionתפישת האחר: ייחוס עוינות ומסוכנות בקרב סטודנטים יהודים וערבים בבתי ספר לעבודה סוציאלית בישראל
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-442
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Work
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013


  • Participation/Citizenship
  • Race/Culture
  • Social Work Education
  • Values/Ethics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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