Perceived loss of resources and adherence to guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel

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Following the outbreak of the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world issued guidelines designed to prevent contagion. This longitudinal study explored variables associated with citizens' adherence to these guidelines. Questionnaires were administered to a panel of Israeli citizens three times: in June (Time 1, n = 896), July (Time 2, n = 712) and August (Time 3, n = 662) 2020. The relationships of perceived loss of resources (e.g. stable employment) at Time 1 with adherence to guidelines at Time 2 and Time 3 were moderated by assumptions about controllability: The relationships were stronger for people who believed that appropriate behavior would lead to positive outcomes and prevent negative outcomes. The results indicate that messages about the pandemic should be accompanied by encouraging messages regarding the ability to control.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdaac080
JournalHealth Promotion International
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s).


  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • adherence to guidelines
  • controllability
  • loss of resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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