Perceived health moderates the association between smoking rate and panic vulnerability variables among daily smokers

Alison C. McLeish, Michael J. Zvolensky, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Amit Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our aim in this investigation was to evaluate the moderating role of perceived health in the relation between smoking rate and panic variables in a community-based sample of 220 daily smokers (98 females; Mage = 23.76 years, SD = 8.76). As hypothesized, the interaction between smoking and perceived health incrementally predicted anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety) and anxious arousal symptoms, but not depressive symptoms. Individuals who had higher smoking rates and lower perceived health reported higher levels of anxiety sensitivity and anxious arousal, but not depressive symptoms. The primary implication of these findings is that there may be segments of the cigarette smoking population who are at relatively greater risk for anxiety symptoms and fear of bodily sensations by virtue of individual differences in perceived health. The identification of such moderating effects is clinically important, because it helps to refine our understanding of complex associations between drug behavior and panic vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-265
Number of pages9
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Comorbidity
  • Panic
  • Perceived health
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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