Objective:To explore the direct and indirect effects of settlement type (rural-kibbutz vs. urban mid-size cities) on perceived accessibility by sociospatial factors: (a) connection to the living area, (b) familiarity with the living area, (c) social participation, and (d) perceived safety of the living area. Method: A convenience sample of 279 older adults aged 65 and older was interviewed. Using bootstrapping, we tested the strength and significance of the conditional indirect effects of four simultaneous mediators of the relationship between settlement type and perceived accessibility. Main Findings: The relationship between settlement type and perceived accessibility was mediated by social participation and perceived safety of the living area. Conclusion: Policy makers should pay attention to the enhancement of sociospatial dimensions to improve the perceived accessibility of older adults.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Ministry of Science Technology & Space, Israel (39557).
© The Author(s) 2017.
- settlement type
- sociospatial integration
- subjective accessibility
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology