Path-monochromatic bounded depth rooted trees in (random) tournaments

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An edge-colored rooted directed tree (aka arborescence) is path-monochromatic if every path in it is monochromatic. Let k,ℓ be positive integers. For a tournament T, let fT(k) be the largest integer such that every k-edge coloring of T has a path-monochromatic subtree with at least fT(k) vertices and let fT(k,ℓ) be the restriction to subtrees of depth at most ℓ. It was proved by Landau that fT(1,2)=n and proved by Sands et al. that fT(2)=n where |V(T)|=n. Here we consider fT(k) and fT(k,ℓ) in more generality, determine their extremal values in most cases, and in fact in all cases assuming the Caccetta-Häggkvist Conjecture. We also study the typical value of fT(k) and fT(k,ℓ), i.e., when T is a random tournament.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114022
JournalDiscrete Mathematics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.


  • Edge coloring
  • Monochromatic path
  • Tournament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics


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