Participation in leisure activities: Differences between children with and without physical disabilities

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The aim of the current study was to compare varied dimensions of participation in leisure activities among school-aged children ages 10-16 with and without disabilities. The Children Leisure Activity Scale (CLASS) was administrated to 294 children, 81 with and 213 without physical disability. Two-way MANCOVA revealed significant differences between the frequency of participation in leisure activities of the study groups: an effect of disability F(4,265=239.57; p<0.001, η2=0.78); an effect of gender F(4,265=3.35; p<0.01, η2=0.05); and an interaction effect between gender and disability F(4,265=5.23; p<0.001, η2=0.64). Children with disabilities, and mostly girls, were found at risk to participate in a narrower variety of activities that involved fewer social interactions. Using linear regressions for each group two different models were identified. Using the CLASS the study contributes evidence-based data regarding children at risk for leisure participation. In addition, the research further established the discriminate validity of the CLASS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-233
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Games and sports
  • Indoor and outdoor activities
  • Play
  • Self-enrichment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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