Participation in leisure activities among boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Ma'ayan Shimoni, Batya Engel-Yeger, Emanuel Tirosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


ADHD is a neural developmental disorder expressed in various life settings. Yet, previous studies have focused mainly on children's function in school and academic achievement. The purpose of the present study was, therefore, to examine participation patterns in outside formal school activities among boys with ADHD compared to typical boys. Participants included 25 boys aged 8-11 years with ADHD and 25 age-matched typical boys. All participants completed the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE). Several aspects of participation were examined: diversity, intensity, enjoyment, place, and partners in 49 extra curricular activities. The findings indicate that boys with ADHD reported significant lower intensity rates of participation in most activity domains. Furthermore, boys with ADHD also reported higher diversity scores and lower enjoyment in 'formal' activities. Yet, no significant differences were found with regard to activity place and partners. These findings enhance the importance of providing therapy that refers to after school activities. Accordingly, CAPE can be useful for assessing boys with ADHD and planning appropriate intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1234-1239
Number of pages6
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010


  • ADHD
  • CAPE
  • ICF
  • Leisure activities
  • Participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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