Parental listening when adolescents self-disclose: A preregistered experimental study

Netta Weinstein, Andrew Huo, Guy Itzchakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parental listening is believed to be an important quality of parent–child interactions, but its effects on adolescents are not well understood. The current study experimentally manipulated parental listening in video-recordings of an adolescent's self-disclosure to test effects on anticipated well-being (positive affect, self-esteem, and less negative affect) and self-disclosure intention. Good listening was manipulated in two situations relevant to vaping: hurt feelings of alienation from pressuring peers and having transgressed by vaping. Participants (N = 1001) aged 13–16 years viewed videos and reported on their anticipated reactions. Following a preregistered analytic plan, viewing good listening was found to predict greater well-being and self-disclosure intention. Consistent with self-determination theory, anticipated psychological need satisfaction for autonomy (freedom to be self-congruent) and relatedness (connectedness to parents) mediated the effects of listening on downstream outcomes. Parental listening effects on adolescent outcomes generalized across both situations of disclosure, in line with preregistered hypotheses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105178
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume209
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the research team, and supported, in part, by an Israel Science Foundation grant awarded to the third author (num. 460/18).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Autonomy
  • Listening
  • Psychological need satisfaction
  • Self-determination theory
  • Self-disclosure
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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