Ordered Regressions

Sophia Rosen, Ori Davidov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


There are often situations where two or more regression functions are ordered over a range of covariate values. In this paper, we develop efficient constrained estimation and testing procedures for such models. Specifically, necessary and sufficient conditions for ordering generalized linear regressions are given and shown to unify previous results obtained for simple linear regression, for polynomial regression and in the analysis of covariance models. We show that estimating the parameters of ordered linear regressions requires either quadratic programming or semi-infinite programming, depending on the shape of the covariate space. A distance-type test for order is proposed. Simulations demonstrate that the proposed methodology improves the mean square error and power compared with the usual, unconstrained, estimation and testing procedures. Improvements are often substantial. The methodology is extended to order generalized linear models where convex semi-infinite programming plays a role. The methodology is motivated by, and applied to, a hearing loss study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-842
Number of pages26
JournalScandinavian Journal of Statistics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Board of the Foundation of the Scandinavian Journal of Statistics


  • constrained inference
  • quadratic programming
  • semi-infinite programming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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