Orbital fractures complicated by late enophthalmos: Higher prevalence in patients with multiple trauma

Nir Seider, Michael Gilboa, Benjamin Miller, Ruthy Schaul Hadar, Itzchak Beiran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To present our experience with orbital fracture treatment outcomes in patients with multiple trauma and those suffering localized orbital trauma. METHODS: Retrospective data review of all patients examined for ocular motility problems and/or enophthalmos following orbital trauma in a 4-year period. RESULTS: Forty-three patients were included in the study: 31 (72%) had localized orbital trauma (LOT) and 12 (28%) had concomitant traumatic insults to other organs (MT). More orbital walls were affected in MT patients than in LOT patients, and the incidence of zygomatic fracture was higher in MT patients. Late enopthalmos was much more prevalent in the MT group compared with the LOT group. Differences of outcome of extra ocular motility disturbance between groups in our series did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of more walls affected and higher incidence of zygomatic fractures in MT patients probably represent a stronger impact of the original insult, causing both more damage to other organs and more severe damage to the orbit. The increased rate of late enophthalmos in MT patients may be associated with their primary presentation to the emergency room with potentially life-threatening injuries. Under such circumstances, thorough ophthalmologic examination is nearly impossible, both because the patient cannot cooperate sufficiently and because medical priorities dictate concentration on taking care of the injuries threatening life. The lack of a thorough ophthalmic examination prevents early comprehensive treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-118
Number of pages4
JournalOphthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Surgery

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