Research on peer-production suggests that as participants choose what actions to perform, prototypical activity patterns emerge. Recent work characterized these patterns and demonstrated that informal emergent roles are highly stable. Nonetheless, we know little about the ways in which contributors take on and shed emergent roles. The objectives of this study are to: (a) delineate the temporal dynamics of participants' emergent role taking behaviors, and (b) identify the motivations driving role-transition behaviors. Our study links motivation to role-transition behaviors within Wikipedia. Our first sample covered eleven years and 222,119 contributors, and was used to identify four categories of temporal role-taking behaviors, that differ in their mobility between emergent roles and across Wikipedia articles. Our second examination linked the motivations of 175 new participants to their subsequent role-taking activity over 14 months. Together, the two analyses reveal that role-taking categories can be distinguished based on participants' motivational orientation (intrinsic/extrinsic and self/others-oriented).
|Title of host publication||CSCW 2017 - Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing|
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - 25 Feb 2017|
|Event||2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2017 - Portland, United States|
Duration: 25 Feb 2017 → 1 Mar 2017
|Name||Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, CSCW|
|Conference||2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, CSCW 2017|
|Period||25/02/17 → 1/03/17|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Insight Grant 435-2013-0624, by NSF Award ACI-1322218, and by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the promotional reference 01UG1416B (CEDIFOR). We thank Carlos Fiorentino for his contribution to the graphical design of Figure 2.
© 2017 ACM.
- Emergent roles
- Online production communities
- Role mobility
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Human-Computer Interaction